Pskov is an ancient Russian city, situated almost on the border with Latvija and Estonia, on the shores of the river Velikaya. It was founded in IX century and soon become a center of a big medieval feudal republic. It was a city of merchants and because of its agressive neighbours - Teutonic Order, Litva and Poland - it needed a good fortifications. Thus Pskov was one of the strongest fortresses in medieval Europe, it was besieged 42 times, only 2 times stormed succesfully. Now this city have a lot of tourists attractions, such as Krom - medieval fortress, well preserved, situated in the center of the city, several towers in different parts of the city, on of them, Pokrovskaya Tower, 40 meters high aand extremely broad, was once a biggest sinle fortification building in Northern Europe. Also theres a big cathedral in the Krom, great iconostasis (row of icons) inside it, almost 40 meters high and 20 meters wide, with a lot of jilted wood. Also theres more than 40 ancient churches in the city, most of them built earlier then XVI century. Outside the city theres an ancient fortress of Izborsk, also worth to see it, and Pskov-Pechorian Lavra (monastery), one of the biggest and most beautiful monasteries in Russia. Pskov could be reached by the road from St-Petersburg (320 km), from Latvijan border(50 km), or by railroad from any of the big cities nearby, in Russia and in Baltic states.
Pskov still preserves much of its medieval walls, built from the 13th century on. The Krom, or medieval citadel, looks as impressive as ever. Within its walls rises the 256-foot-tall Trinity Cathedral, founded in 1138 and rebuilt in the 1690s. The cathedral contains the tombs of saint princes Vsevolod (died in 1138) and Dovmont (died in 1299). Other ancient cathedrals adorn the Mirozhsky monastery (completed by 1152), famous for its 12th-century frescoes, St. Johns (completed by 1243), and the Snetogorsky monastery (built in 1310 and painted in 1313). Pskov is exceedingly rich in tiny, squat, picturesque churches, dating mainly from the 15th and the 16th centuries. There are many dozens of them, the most notable being St. Basils on the Hill (1413), St. Kozma and Demians near the Bridge (1463), St. Georges from the Downhill (1494), Assumption from the Ferryside (1444, 1521), and St. Nicholas from Usokha (1536). The 17th-century residential architecture is represented by merchant mansions, such as the Salt House, the Pogankin chambers, and the Trubinsky mansion. Among the sights in the vicinity of Pskov are Izborsk, a seat of Ruriks brother in the 9th century and one of the most formidable fortresses of medieval Russia; the Pskov Monastery of the Caves, the oldest continually functioning monastery in Russia and a magnet for pilgrims from all over the country; the 16th-century Krypetsky Monastery; Elizarovo Monastery, which used to be a great cultural and literary centre of medieval Russia; and Mikhailovskoe, a family nest of Alexander Pushkin whe